Skin Care

Skin Care. What is skin The skin is the largest organ system in the human body, covering the entire exterior of the body except for some openings such as the eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, urethra, rectum, and vagina in women. The skin is the main protector of the inside of the body from outside aggressors, keeping out dust and other substances, bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that the body does not want. Able to withstand moderate stress, protecting us from chemicals and radiation damage. The skin plays a key role in regulating the body and maintaining body temperature by balancing the flow of surrounding blood vessels, sweat, and body hair. It also synthesizes and maintains vitamin D levels in the body.

The Skin Is Also Sentient Skin Care

The skin is also sentient. Every part of the skin has nerves that help you sense heat, cold, touch, and pain in the outside Akemi Glow world, telling your brain if something outside your body is making you uncomfortable like the room temperature is too hot or the sun is too hot, or the skin Something uncomfortable inside, such as a rash or goosebumps. The skin signals if it’s too hot or cold, if something you’re touching is too hot or cold, or if something is hurting you. The perception and response of the skin are controlled by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Which is the automatic regulation in the nervous system that is not controlled by you, that is, the ANS happens automatically.

Soothely Neck Massager 1

The Skin Sends Messages

The skin sends messages from the peripheral nervous system (PNS) (nerves throughout the body) to the brain via the spinal cord. The brain also sends information back to the PNS via the spinal cord, and then back to the skin. We have no control over the PNS, the brain automatically regulates the skin according to the information it sends and sends back. The skin is an auxiliary organ that protects the body and has perception, and the skin itself cannot be controlled to move. Conversely, the skin is flexible, allowing the bones and muscles contained within it to move. Skin is born with a certain amount of “elasticity” to accommodate the flexibility of the body. Skin Care.

The Outermost Layer Of The Skin

The skin consists of two layers, the epidermis being the outermost layer of the skin. When you look at your skin, what you see is the outermost layer of the epidermis. Below the epidermis is the dermis, which is the barrier that protects the inner layer of the skin, the dermis. The dermis contains blood vessels, sweat glands, sebaceous glands (oil-producing glands that keep the skin moist), hair follicles, nerve fibers, and many small capillaries. Beneath the skin is fatty tissue, which helps protect the muscles beneath the layer of fat. Which are tightly connected to the bones and are attached to them by ligaments. In the picture below, you can see the outermost layer of the epidermis. Skin Care.

The Pink Layer Represents The Muscle

The dermis with its blood vessels, and the next layer of hair follicles and glands. Skin Care. The yellow layer represents adipose tissue. The pink layer represents muscle, the light pink part is ligaments, and the white part is bone. Image used with permission of the National Pressure Injury Advisory Group 11/9/20 Common skin disorders can occur in anyone, and various types of rashes or dermatitis (der= skin, itis= inflammation) from various causes are very common. The rash can be caused by an irritation to the skin such as urine, stool, lotion or ointment, soap, shampoo, pollen, sweat, or something else that rubs against the skin.

Some Common Skin Problems Are

Rashes can also be caused by things that enter the body, such as food, drink, medicines, or inhaled substances. A reaction to anxiety or stress can also cause a rash. Some common skin problems are: Acne usually appears on the face or back. If you need surgery on your back or spine, but if you have severe acne, you may want to treat your acne before surgery to avoid internal infections from surgery. An athlete’s foot is an itchy red fungus that usually appears between the toes. Athletes’ feet can develop from sweating or from wearing the same shoes every day that are not ventilated. In people with spinal cord injuries, the red fungus may show up in the folds of skin between the toes and elsewhere on the body. Skin Care.

Makes Your Skin Red

Atopic dermatitis is a long-term rash that is scaly and itchy. Eczema is an example of atopic dermatitis. A callus is a thick, hard patch of skin that usually forms as a result of repeated rubbing against something, such as a shoe against your heel, your hand performing repetitive tasks (like pushing a wheelchair), your elbow resting on a wheelchair or repeatedly rubbing against assistive equipment. With less exercise, calluses form because the skin is not stimulated to shed aging skin cells. Contact dermatitis happens after something you touch or something that touches you makes your skin red, itchy, or painful. Assistive or seating equipment may cause contact dermatitis. Cancer can be divided into benign and malignant.

Unclean Skin Skin Care

A rare, life-threatening skin tumor is basal cell carcinoma, which is usually found on the head, neck, or back. Melanoma is not a common skin tumor, but it is a notorious malignant skin tumor. Excessive exposure to sunlight due to the depletion of the ozone layer can cause skin tumors. If your skin is less sensitive and left unprotected, it can increase your risk of skin cancer. Groin rash, or diaper rash, is a skin reaction to urine or stool. Plastic-covered toilets create poor air circulation over clean/unclean skin, creating an environment for bacteria to grow. Groin or diaper rash can occur in both adults and children, especially with the use of incontinence fillers, poor hygiene, or in the folds of skin that remain in a sitting position.

The Skin By The Sun

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) includes HSV-1, cold sores and fever blisters, and HSV-2, a sexually transmitted disease. Shingles virus, or shingles, is a latent infection with the chickenpox virus, which is very painful. The rash develops on the skin along the dermatomes (the body’s nerve pathways) within three days of the pain or itching starts. Some vaccines can reduce the incidence of shingles, or reduce pain and duration of attacks. Measles is a sudden rash caused by an allergen or unknown cause. Sunburn is the burning of the skin by the sun. Typically, the skin turns red, which is a first-degree burn. A rash with blisters is a second-degree burn. Skin Care.

Skin With Poor Perception Increases

Third and fourth-degree sunburns have been noted. Skin with poor perception increases the risk of sunburn if left unprotected. Psoriasis is itchy red areas with thickened and silvery patches of skin. It can appear anywhere on the body but mainly occurs on the knees and elbows. Some people with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis. Rosacea is a red rash with visible blood vessels that appears on the cheeks, nose, chin, and sometimes the forehead. It mainly affects middle-aged, light-skinned women, but can affect anyone. Be careful not to confuse facial vascular changes associated with alcoholism in men and women. sweating Due to problems with the autonomic nervous system after spinal cord injury.

Autonomic Regulation Of Body Temperature

Autonomic regulation of body temperature is affected because the information to be regulated cannot be effectively communicated. Spinal cord injuries can affect the body’s ability to regulate internal body temperature. The more severe the injury, the greater the effect of sweating on thermoregulation. Hyperhidrosis (HH), or excessive sweating, can occur in some people with spinal cord injuries. It occurs for unknown reasons and is a symptom of autonomic, a disturbance of the autonomic nervous system, or a symptom caused by syringomyelia (fluid-filled cysts following damage to areas of the spinal cord). Medications for autonomic can reduce excessive sweating. The drug oxybutynin has also been successfully used in the treatment of HH.

The Skin Can Occur

People with spinal cord injuries find that, below the level of the injury, they cannot sweat. This can cause the body to overheat since the ability to sweat is the body’s natural way of cooling down. Measures should be taken in time to prevent overheating of the body, such as using air conditioners, and fans, wearing cool clothes and wearing breathable and wide-brimmed hats. Friction damage Friction and shear damage to the skin can occur. You probably know this type of injury as a “friction burn.” This is caused by the separation of the epidermis and dermis from reduced collagen following a spinal cord injury and occurs most often when the body or body part is dragged across a surface rather than lifted over a surface.

Skin Checks Should Be Done Frequently

Friction and shear injuries can also occur from the repeated rubbing of the skin with a new adaptive device. The friction of the epidermis prevents the epidermis from moving as fast, thus disrupting the delicate connection between the two parts of the skin. So keep your body up when you move, which helps prevent chafing damage. When using a new device, skin checks should be done frequently. Calluses form on the heels, hands, elbows, and knees due to a lack of ability to remove aging cells, as most of the skin-shedding process occurs during the relative movement of the skin to clothing and shoes. If your skin can’t move, cells tend to stay on your body, building up in the form of calluses.

The Skin Beneath The Callus Tissue

Calluses are dry, break open easily, not as elastic as skin, calluses cause pain if you are conscious, and you may feel weakened, that’s because calluses cause autonomic and create an opportunity for bacteria to enter the opening. Calluses should be handled with great care. Soak the calloused area with water first, then “buff” the area with a washcloth or dishcloth to gradually reduce the calloused tissue. Never remove the callus tissue quickly or with a sharp object, as the skin beneath the callus tissue has softened and can crack easily. If the callus tissue is large and thick, you may need to discuss treatment with a podiatrist.

The Skin Its Strength Is Reduced

pressure injury After a spinal cord injury, the skin changes. The collagen that gives the skin its strength is reduced, as is the blood supply to the skin. Muscle mass also decreases due to immobility and is replaced by an increase in fat layers. Depending on the type of spinal cord injury, the degree of decreased or absent sensation will vary. These changes can lead to individuals being more susceptible to pressure injuries. Pressure skin injuries usually start in parts of the body where the bone is close to the skin’s surface, such as the hip. These bony protrusions exert pressure on the skin from the inside out, and if the outside is also a hard object, the skin is squeezed.

The Skin’s Surface

As paralysis slows down the circulation rate, the skin gets less oxygen, which reduces its resistance. To compensate, the body sends more blood to the area, which can lead to swelling and increased pressure on the blood vessels, further compromising the health of the skin. Changes in skin, blood flow, muscle composition, fat distribution, and decreased sensation due to spinal cord injury increase the likelihood of pressure injury. Normally, the bony prominence of the bone rests on the muscle tissue, which distributes the stress throughout the muscle. As muscle becomes thinner, there is a corresponding decrease in the ability to dissipate pressure, and fat tissue increases.

The Skin’s Tiny Capillaries

When pressure is applied to fat tissue, the fat condenses, creating more pressure in the bony area. This pressure collapses blood vessels so blood cannot flow cycle. The smaller the blood vessels, like the skin’s tiny capillaries, the faster the blood supply will decrease. Before the skin is damaged, the skin’s sensory system signals you to move your body to open the capillaries. But after a spinal cord injury, this signal is weakened or absent. A pressure injury (PI) may go by several other names, such as pressure ulcer, skin breakdown, pressure sore, decubitus ulcer, or bed sore. Pressure injuries start somewhere inside your skin that you can’t see. The first sign of PI may be darkened, red or gray spots on the skin due to collapsed blood vessels. Skin Care.

Begin With Redness Of The Skin

Most commonly on bony protrusions or areas of cartilage. Bone protrusions are usually at the end of the bone where there American Beauty is a raised, bony protrusion that can be easily felt, for example on the jaw bone, elbow, or knee bone. The cartilaginous area is the area of ​​the outer ear and the tip of the nose made of soft but strong cartilage. Areas are particularly susceptible to pressure injuries Above image courtesy of Northwest Spinal Cord Injury System. A pressure injury is staged according to how it develops on the surface of the skin. The damage is likely to be much deeper than that observed on the outside of the body. Grade I: Decubitus ulcers generally begin with redness of the skin. Skin Care.

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